Business DevOps Tech Career

The Five Ideals

The 5 ideals from the Unicorn Project Book

Review: The Unicorn Project - #NoDrama DevOps

The Unicorn Project, written by Gene Kim, is a novel that explores the world of technology and the challenges that organizations face when trying to implement digital transformation initiatives. The book focuses on the journey of a fictional company called Parts Unlimited as it undergoes a transformation, and highlights five ideals that are crucial for success in such a process.

Locality and Simplicity

The first ideal of the Unicorn Project is Locality and Simplicity. This ideal focuses on making sure that each team has a clear understanding of what they are responsible for and how their work fits into the bigger picture. By breaking down complex projects into smaller, manageable pieces, teams are better able to collaborate and stay aligned with the company’s goals. This ideal emphasizes the importance of keeping things simple and not adding unnecessary complexity to projects.

Focus, Flow, and Joy

The second ideal is Focus, Flow, and Joy. This ideal is all about creating an environment that encourages employees to be fully engaged in their work, allowing them to achieve a state of flow where they are fully absorbed in what they are doing. By doing this, employees are able to produce high-quality work that they are proud of, which in turn creates a sense of joy and fulfillment in their work. This ideal stresses the importance of creating an environment that supports creativity, experimentation, and learning.

Improvement of Daily Work

The third ideal is Improvement of Daily Work. This ideal is all about creating a culture of continuous improvement, where teams are constantly looking for ways to make their processes more efficient and effective. By focusing on the daily work and making small, incremental improvements, teams are able to drive significant improvements in the overall organization. This ideal emphasizes the importance of empowering teams to experiment and learn from their mistakes, in order to create a culture of continuous learning.

Psychological Safety

The fourth ideal is Psychological Safety. This ideal emphasizes the importance of creating a safe and supportive environment where team members feel comfortable sharing their ideas and opinions without fear of judgment or reprisal. When team members feel psychologically safe, they are more likely to collaborate effectively and take risks, which can lead to new ideas and innovations. This ideal stresses the importance of creating a culture where everyone’s ideas are valued and respected, regardless of their role or seniority.

Customer Focus

The fifth and final ideal is Customer Focus. This ideal emphasizes the importance of putting the customer at the center of everything the organization does. By understanding the needs and desires of the customer, organizations can create products and services that truly meet their needs, and deliver an exceptional customer experience. This ideal stresses the importance of listening to customer feedback, and incorporating that feedback into the product development process.


The Unicorn Project is an insightful book that provides a roadmap for organizations looking to embark on a digital transformation journey. The five ideals highlighted in the book – Locality and Simplicity, Focus, Flow, and Joy, Improvement of Daily Work, Psychological Safety, and Customer Focus – provide a framework for success, emphasizing the importance of teamwork, continuous improvement, experimentation, and a customer-centric approach. By following these ideals, organizations can achieve greater agility, innovation, and success in a rapidly changing technological landscape.

Cloud DevOps

Cloud Series: Breaking Down Workloads

The cloud has become an integral part of modern business operations, providing scalable and flexible computing resources to support a wide range of workloads. But what exactly are workloads, and how can businesses effectively manage them in the cloud? In this article, we will explore the concept of workloads in the cloud and discuss best practices for breaking them down to optimize performance and cost efficiency.

What are Workloads?

In the context of cloud computing, a workload refers to a specific set of tasks or processes that are executed on a cloud-based infrastructure. Workloads can include a wide range of applications, services, and processes that businesses use to operate, such as web applications, databases, data analytics, machine learning, and more. Workloads can be complex and require different computing resources, configurations, and management techniques depending on their characteristics and requirements.

Breaking Down Workloads

Breaking down workloads is a crucial step in effectively managing them in the cloud. By analyzing and understanding the different components and requirements of each workload, businesses can optimize their performance, scalability, and cost efficiency. Here are some best practices for breaking down workloads in the cloud:

  1. Identify Workload Characteristics: Start by analyzing the key characteristics of each workload, such as the computing resources required, data storage needs, network bandwidth, and performance requirements. Understanding the specific requirements of each workload will help you determine the best cloud services, configurations, and management techniques to use.
  2. Determine Resource Allocation: Based on the workload characteristics, determine the appropriate resource allocation for each component of the workload. For example, a database workload may require more storage resources, while a web application may require more compute resources. Allocate resources based on the workload’s performance requirements and expected growth, while also considering cost efficiency.
  3. Optimize Scalability: Cloud computing allows for dynamic scalability, where resources can be scaled up or down based on demand. Determine the optimal scalability strategy for each workload, whether it’s horizontal scaling (adding more instances) or vertical scaling (increasing the resources of an instance). This will ensure that the workload can handle fluctuations in demand without overprovisioning or underprovisioning resources.
  4. Implement Cost-Optimization Strategies: Cost optimization is a critical aspect of workload management in the cloud. Identify cost optimization strategies, such as using reserved instances for predictable workloads, leveraging spot instances for non-critical workloads, and using auto-scaling to dynamically adjust resources based on demand. Regularly monitor and optimize your resource usage to ensure that you are only paying for what you need.
  5. Implement Monitoring and Automation: Monitoring and automation are key components of effective workload management in the cloud. Implement monitoring tools and automation scripts to gain visibility into the performance and health of your workloads, and automate routine tasks such as scaling, backups, and deployments. This will help you identify and address any issues or bottlenecks proactively, ensuring optimal performance and availability of your workloads.
  6. Ensure Security and Compliance: Security and compliance are crucial considerations when managing workloads in the cloud. Implement robust security measures, such as encryption, access controls, and network security, to protect your workloads from cyber threats. Ensure that your workloads comply with relevant industry regulations and data privacy requirements.


Effectively managing workloads in the cloud is essential for optimizing performance, scalability, and cost efficiency. By breaking down workloads and analyzing their characteristics, resource allocation, scalability, cost optimization, and automation, businesses can ensure that their workloads run efficiently and securely in the cloud. Keep these best practices in mind when managing your workloads in the cloud to maximize the benefits of cloud computing for your business.


The Pandemic and Your Business

Resources and Tools To Keep Your Small Business Going During These Uncertain Times

The Pandemic and Your Business: Practical Tips for Small Business Owners to Remain Profitable

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a profound impact on businesses of all sizes, but small businesses have been particularly vulnerable to the economic disruptions caused by the crisis. Many small business owners have faced unprecedented challenges, from sudden drops in sales to supply chain disruptions and changes in consumer behavior. However, with careful planning and strategic adjustments, small business owners can navigate these challenges and find ways to remain profitable in the face of the pandemic. In this article, we will explore practical tips for small business owners to thrive during these uncertain times.

  1. Communication

Clear and effective communication is essential during times of crisis. Keeping your customers, employees, vendors, and other stakeholders informed about the status of your business is crucial. Be transparent about any changes to your operations, such as modified business hours, updated safety protocols, or changes in product or service offerings. Use various communication channels, such as social media, email, and your website, to keep your audience updated and engaged.

Additionally, maintaining open lines of communication with your employees is critical. Keep them informed about any changes in work arrangements, safety protocols, and business expectations. Encourage feedback and suggestions from your team, and be responsive to their concerns. Strong communication can help build trust, loyalty, and support from your customers and employees during challenging times.

  1. Selling

The pandemic has significantly impacted consumer behavior and preferences. As a small business owner, it’s important to adapt your selling strategies to meet the changing needs and expectations of your customers. Consider offering online sales and delivery options if feasible, as many consumers have shifted to online shopping during the pandemic. Enhance your e-commerce capabilities, create an online presence if you haven’t already, and leverage social media and digital marketing to reach and engage with your customers.

You can also consider diversifying your product or service offerings to meet the current demand. For example, if you are a restaurant owner, consider offering takeout or meal kits, or if you are a retailer, consider selling essential items that are in high demand. Being flexible and creative with your selling strategies can help you attract and retain customers during these uncertain times.

  1. Money and Payment

Managing your finances carefully is crucial during a crisis. Review your cash flow regularly and make adjustments as needed. Cut unnecessary expenses, negotiate with vendors for extended payment terms, and take advantage of any government assistance programs or grants that may be available to small businesses. Explore alternative funding options, such as small business loans or lines of credit, to ensure you have enough working capital to sustain your operations.

In addition, be proactive in managing your payment collections. Follow up on overdue payments and offer flexible payment arrangements to customers who may be facing financial challenges. Keep a close eye on your receivables and take necessary steps to minimize bad debt. Good financial management practices can help you maintain a healthy cash flow and ensure the financial stability of your business.

  1. Marketing

In times of crisis, it’s important to review and adjust your marketing strategies. Take a close look at your marketing budget and identify cost-effective ways to promote your business. Explore digital marketing channels, such as social media, email marketing, and content marketing, which can be more cost-efficient compared to traditional advertising methods.

Focus on building relationships with your existing customers and maintaining customer loyalty. Offer special promotions or discounts, provide personalized offers, and show appreciation for their continued support. Use social media and other online platforms to engage with your customers, share updates about your business, and provide value-added content. Maintaining a strong presence in the market and staying connected with your customers can help you retain their loyalty and attract new customers.

  1. Logistics and Supply Chain

Supply chain disruptions have been a significant challenge for many businesses during the pandemic. As a small

business owner, it’s crucial to assess your supply chain and make necessary adjustments to ensure smooth operations. Stay in regular communication with your suppliers to understand any potential disruptions and find alternative sources if needed. Diversify your suppliers to reduce reliance on a single source, if possible.

Consider optimizing your inventory management to prevent stockouts or overstock situations. Keep track of demand patterns and adjust your inventory levels accordingly. Look for opportunities to collaborate with other local businesses or join buying consortiums to pool resources and leverage economies of scale.

Staff Your employees are a valuable asset to your business, and their well-being and productivity are essential during these challenging times. Communicate with your employees regularly and provide updates on any changes to work arrangements or safety protocols. Follow local health guidelines and implement safety measures in your workplace to ensure the health and safety of your employees.

Be flexible and accommodating with your employees’ needs, such as offering remote work options or adjusting schedules to accommodate personal circumstances. Consider cross-training employees to ensure operational resilience and flexibility. Keep morale high by recognizing and appreciating their efforts and contributions to the business.

Vendors Maintaining strong relationships with your vendors is critical during a crisis. Keep the lines of communication open and be proactive in addressing any potential issues. Negotiate mutually beneficial agreements, such as extended payment terms or discounts, to help manage costs and cash flow.

Consider collaborating with your vendors to find innovative solutions to shared challenges. For example, you can work together to streamline processes, share resources, or find new markets. Building strong partnerships with your vendors can help create a supportive ecosystem that benefits both parties.

Creditors If you have outstanding debts or loans, proactively communicate with your creditors and seek their understanding and support. Be transparent about your business’s current situation and provide a plan for how you intend to manage your debts. Explore options for debt restructuring, deferment, or refinancing to ease the financial burden on your business.

Maintain regular communication with your creditors and keep them updated on your business’s progress. Demonstrate your commitment to fulfilling your financial obligations and work towards a mutually beneficial solution that helps you manage your cash flow while maintaining good business relationships.

In conclusion, the COVID-19 pandemic has presented unprecedented challenges to small businesses. However, with careful planning, adaptability, and effective communication, small business owners can find ways to remain profitable and thrive in the face of uncertainty. By focusing on communication, selling strategies, financial management, marketing, supply chain optimization, employee well-being, strong vendor relationships, and proactive creditor management, small business owners can navigate the challenges of the pandemic and position their businesses for long-term success. Remember to stay informed about the evolving situation, seek support from relevant resources, and be prepared to adjust your strategies as needed to sustain your business in these challenging times.


DevOps In A Box: Atlassian Stack

DevOps in a Box: Setting Up a CI/CD Pipeline with the Atlassian Stack

Introduction: The Atlassian stack, which includes popular tools like Jira, Confluence, Bitbucket, and Bamboo, provides a comprehensive set of tools for software development and collaboration. By integrating these tools, teams can establish a robust DevOps workflow that enables Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment (CI/CD) and accelerates software delivery. In this article, we will explore how to set up a complete CI/CD pipeline using the Atlassian stack, commonly known as “DevOps in a Box”. We will provide step-by-step instructions and code examples to help you establish an end-to-end CI/CD pipeline with seamless integration between Jira, Bitbucket, and Bamboo.

Step 1: Set Up Jira for Agile Project Management Jira is a widely used project management tool that provides features for agile development methodologies such as Scrum and Kanban. Set up Jira to manage your software development projects, including creating and organizing issues, creating boards, setting up workflows, and configuring project permissions. Use Jira to plan, track, and manage your software development tasks and collaborate with team members effectively.

Step 2: Set Up Bitbucket for Source Code Management Bitbucket is a popular source code management (SCM) tool that provides Git and Mercurial repositories for version control. Set up Bitbucket to host your source code repositories, create branches, and manage code changes. Configure Bitbucket integrations with Jira, allowing you to link issues to code changes and track the status of code changes in Jira.

Step 3: Set Up Bamboo for CI/CD Automation Bamboo is an advanced CI/CD automation tool that seamlessly integrates with Jira and Bitbucket. Set up Bamboo to automate your CI/CD processes, including building, testing, and deploying your software changes. Bamboo provides a visual interface for defining build plans and workflows, and allows you to configure triggers to automatically start builds based on code changes in Bitbucket.

Step 4: Configure the CI/CD Pipeline Once you have set up Jira, Bitbucket, and Bamboo, configure the CI/CD pipeline that suits your development workflow. Define the stages of your CI/CD pipeline, such as build, test, and deploy, and configure the necessary tasks in Bamboo for each stage. For example, you can use Bamboo to build your software changes, run tests, and deploy the changes to a staging environment for further testing.

Step 5: Automate Deployment with Deployment Projects Bamboo provides a powerful feature called Deployment Projects, which allows you to automate the deployment of your software changes to different environments, such as staging and production. Configure Deployment Projects in Bamboo to automate the deployment process, including defining the deployment targets, configuring deployment scripts, and setting up notifications for deployment statuses.

Step 6: Monitor and Troubleshoot the CI/CD Pipeline After setting up the CI/CD pipeline with the Atlassian stack, it’s essential to monitor and troubleshoot the pipeline to ensure smooth operation. Bamboo provides dashboards and reports to monitor the status of builds, tests, and deployments in real-time. You can also configure notifications to alert team members about build failures or other issues. Use the logging and debugging features in Bamboo to troubleshoot any issues that may arise during the CI/CD process.

Conclusion: Setting up a complete CI/CD pipeline with the Atlassian stack provides a powerful DevOps workflow that streamlines software development and accelerates software delivery. By integrating Jira, Bitbucket, and Bamboo, teams can collaborate effectively, manage source code changes, automate builds, tests, and deployments, and monitor the status of the CI/CD pipeline in real-time. Follow the step-by-step instructions and code examples provided in this article to establish “DevOps in a Box” using the Atlassian stack and transform your software development process. With an efficient CI/CD pipeline in place, you can ensure faster time-to-market, improved software quality, and increased team productivity. Embrace the power of DevOps with the Atlassian stack and unlock the full potential of your software development team. Happy coding!

Cloud DevOps

Implementing CI/CD for Salesforce with Jenkins and YAML-based CI Servers: A Step-by-Step Guide

Introduction: As Salesforce continues to be a leading CRM platform, efficient and reliable Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment (CI/CD) processes are crucial for Salesforce development teams. CI/CD allows for automated testing, integration, and deployment of Salesforce applications, ensuring that changes are thoroughly tested and deployed with minimal risk of errors. In this article, we will explore how to implement CI/CD for Salesforce using Jenkins, a popular automation server, and other YAML-based CI servers, such as GitLab CI/CD and CircleCI. We will provide step-by-step instructions and code examples to help you set up a robust CI/CD pipeline for your Salesforce projects.

Step 1: Set up Salesforce Source Control The first step in implementing CI/CD for Salesforce is to set up source control for your Salesforce projects. This allows you to version control your Salesforce metadata, including objects, fields, classes, and other components, and collaborate with team members. You can use version control systems such as Git or Salesforce DX (SFDX) to manage your Salesforce metadata.

Step 2: Choose a YAML-based CI Server Next, choose a YAML-based CI server that supports Salesforce integration. Jenkins, GitLab CI/CD, and CircleCI are popular choices that provide built-in support for YAML-based configurations. These CI servers allow you to define your CI/CD pipeline as code using YAML, making it easy to version control and automate your CI/CD processes.

Step 3: Create a YAML Configuration File Once you have chosen a YAML-based CI server, create a YAML configuration file that defines your CI/CD pipeline. This configuration file specifies the steps to be executed during the CI/CD process, such as building, testing, and deploying your Salesforce metadata. Here’s an example of a YAML configuration file for a Salesforce CI/CD pipeline using Jenkins:

# Jenkinsfile

pipeline {
  agent {
    label 'master'
  stages {
    stage('Checkout') {
      steps {
        checkout scm
    stage('Build') {
      steps {
        sh 'sfdx force:source:deploy -p ./force-app/main/default'
    stage('Test') {
      steps {
        sh 'sfdx force:apex:test:run -w 60'
    stage('Deploy') {
      steps {
        sh 'sfdx force:source:deploy -p ./force-app/main/default -w 10'

This example defines a simple CI/CD pipeline with four stages: Checkout, Build, Test, and Deploy. The pipeline checks out the Salesforce metadata from the source control, builds and deploys the metadata, runs Apex tests, and deploys the metadata to the Salesforce org.

Step 4: Configure CI Server for Salesforce Integration Next, configure your chosen CI server to integrate with Salesforce. This typically involves setting up the necessary environment variables, credentials, and plugins to authenticate and connect to your Salesforce org. For example, in Jenkins, you can use the Salesforce DX plugin to configure the Salesforce integration and provide the necessary credentials for authentication.

Step 5: Trigger the CI/CD Pipeline Once you have configured your CI server, you can trigger the CI/CD pipeline by committing changes to your source control. When changes are pushed to the repository, the CI server will automatically detect the changes and start executing the defined stages in the pipeline. The pipeline will build, test, and deploy the Salesforce metadata, and provide feedback on the status of each stage.

Step 6: Monitor and Troubleshoot the CI/CD Pipeline After the CI/CD


Modern Delivery CI Server Comparison

A Comparison of Popular CI Servers: Jenkins, Azure DevOps, GitLab, GitHub Actions, CircleCI, Bitbucket Pipelines, and Travis CI

Continuous Integration (CI) has become an essential practice in modern software development workflows. CI servers play a crucial role in automating the building, testing, and deployment of software changes, helping teams catch bugs and issues early in the development cycle. With several options available in the market, let’s compare some of the most popular CI servers and determine which one is best suited to support particular tech stacks.

  1. Jenkins: Jenkins is an open-source CI server that has been around for years and has a large community of users and plugins. It supports a wide range of programming languages and integrations with various tools and platforms. Jenkins provides a high level of flexibility and customization, but it requires manual setup and configuration, which may be complex for beginners. Jenkins is a good fit for tech stacks that require extensive customization and integration, such as Java, .NET, Python, and Ruby-on-Rails.
  2. Azure DevOps: Azure DevOps, previously known as Visual Studio Team Services (VSTS), is a cloud-based CI/CD platform provided by Microsoft. It offers a wide range of features for planning, development, testing, and deployment, making it a comprehensive solution for software development teams. Azure DevOps has excellent integration with other Microsoft tools and services, such as Azure cloud services, Visual Studio IDE, and Windows ecosystem. It also provides support for popular tech stacks like .NET, Java, JavaScript, and Python, making it a suitable choice for teams that are already using Microsoft technologies.
  3. GitLab: GitLab is an open-source, web-based CI/CD platform that offers a complete DevOps solution in a single application, including source code management, continuous integration, and continuous deployment. GitLab provides a simple and unified interface for managing the entire software development lifecycle. It has built-in support for containerization and Kubernetes, making it a good fit for teams that are adopting container-based deployments. GitLab also supports popular tech stacks like Ruby-on-Rails, JavaScript, Python, and Java.
  4. GitHub Actions: GitHub Actions is a CI/CD service provided by GitHub, a popular source code hosting platform. It offers a seamless integration with GitHub repositories, allowing developers to define and manage CI/CD workflows as code. GitHub Actions provides a wide range of pre-built actions for common tasks and supports custom actions, making it highly extensible. It supports popular tech stacks like JavaScript, Python, Ruby, and Java, and is a good choice for teams that are already using GitHub for source code hosting.
  5. CircleCI: CircleCI is a cloud-based CI/CD service that provides fast and scalable builds for teams of all sizes. It supports various programming languages and offers a simple configuration format using YAML files. CircleCI provides a high level of flexibility and allows teams to define custom workflows and pipelines. It has excellent integration with popular tools like Docker and Kubernetes, making it suitable for teams that are using containerization for deployments.
  6. Bitbucket Pipelines: Bitbucket Pipelines is a CI/CD service provided by Atlassian, the same company that developed Jira and Confluence. It offers seamless integration with Bitbucket, a popular source code hosting platform, making it a good choice for teams that are already using Bitbucket for source code management. Bitbucket Pipelines provides support for popular tech stacks like Java, .NET, Python, and JavaScript, and offers custom pipelines and workflows.
  7. Travis CI: Travis CI is a cloud-based CI/CD service that offers support for various programming languages and frameworks. It provides a simple and intuitive configuration format using YAML files and offers a wide range of integrations with other tools and services. Travis CI offers both

Monolith to Microservices – A DevOps Adventure

In today’s fast-paced and ever-changing world of software development, businesses need to be agile and adaptable. As companies grow, they often find that their monolithic applications become increasingly difficult to maintain and scale. Microservices architecture, on the other hand, provides a solution to this problem by breaking down the application into smaller, independent services. This shift from monolith to microservices requires a carefully planned and executed DevOps adventure.

One of the key challenges in this journey is versioning. In a monolithic architecture, versioning is relatively straightforward, as all components are bundled together. However, in a microservices architecture, versioning becomes more complex. Each service needs to be versioned independently, and these versions need to be managed and integrated with the other services. To address this, companies should establish a versioning strategy early in the migration process. A semantic versioning system can help to ensure that all services are versioned consistently, making it easier to manage dependencies between them.

Another challenge is branching. In a monolithic architecture, developers work on a single codebase. In a microservices architecture, developers work on multiple codebases simultaneously. This can make it difficult to manage branching, as changes made to one service may impact another service. A best practice is to establish clear guidelines for branching and merging early in the process. This can include using feature flags to control the release of new functionality, so that services can be updated independently of each other.

The developer workflow also needs to be adapted to a microservices architecture. In a monolithic architecture, developers typically work on a single codebase and push changes directly to production. In a microservices architecture, developers need to work on multiple codebases and coordinate their changes with other teams. This requires a more collaborative workflow, with frequent code reviews, testing, and integration. Companies can use tools such as GitLab or GitHub to manage this workflow, ensuring that changes are tested and reviewed before being merged into the main codebase.

Tooling is another important consideration. In a monolithic architecture, a single toolset is often used to manage the entire application. In a microservices architecture, each service may require its own tooling. Companies need to invest in the right tools to support the migration to a microservices architecture. This can include tools for version control, testing, monitoring, and deployment.

Finally, a phased approach is recommended when migrating from a monolithic to a microservices architecture. This allows companies to test and refine the process before rolling out the new architecture to the entire application. A phased approach also allows companies to prioritize which services to migrate first, based on business value or technical complexity. For example, companies may choose to migrate the most critical services first, or the services that are least dependent on other services.

In conclusion, the shift from a monolithic to a microservices architecture requires careful planning and execution. Companies need to establish a versioning strategy, adapt their developer workflow, invest in the right tooling, and take a phased approach to the migration. By doing so, companies can reap the benefits of microservices architecture, including improved scalability, flexibility, and agility.